A two-day African security forum opened in Dakar on Monday amid concerns about funding for a much-trumpeted initiative to bind five Sahel countries into an anti-terror force.
Less than a quarter of the roughly $455m pledged for the G5 Sahel force has been forthcoming, French Defence Minister Florence Parly said on Sunday.
“At the moment, (pledges are materialising very slowly,” Parly told reporters in the plane taking her to Dakar. Only “10 to 25% of the funds” have been disbursed, she said.
The G5 Sahel is a French-backed scheme conceived in 2015 to roll back jihadism and lawlessness in five states on the Sahara’s southern rim.
Bringing together Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, it aims to become a 5 000-man joint force to restore authority in areas grappling with jihadists and brutal gangs.
But the project, which brings together five of the world’s poorest and most fragile countries, has run into problems of financing, poor equipment and lack of training.
In February, an international donors’ conference in Brussels pledged about $478m. Saudi Arabia made the biggest single promise, totalling $114m in the form of equipment, but it has yet to be delivered, Parly said.